postheadericon What is IVF?

In Vitro Fertilization is a method of medically assisted reproduction. It involves artificial fertilization outside of woman’s uterus, under laboratory conditions. Assisted reproductive technology such as IVF is symptomatic treatment of infertility and includes several different treatments taking place at the cellular level. For many couples unsuccessfully trying to have a baby In Vitro Fertilization is often the only chance. IVF is regarded as the last resort for conception and birth of biological offspring in the situation when other treatments have failed.

In Vitro Fertilization is a sterile method of an artificial insemination and culturing embryos outside woman’s body in laboratory. It consists of the preparatory phase occurring after the diagnosis and decision to proceed with IVF that is based on stimulation of the ovaries, then it is followed by collecting gametes, testing and combining them into embryos that get applied into mother’s body in order to induce pregnancy. In other words IVF consists of carrying out a hormonally controlled ovulation process, then obtaining the ova, which are being conjoined to male reproductive cells (sperm) under laboratory conditions. When the fertilized cell starts to divide, the embryo is transferred to the uterine cavity to nest in the wall of the uterus and if it comes to nesting, the pregnancy arises and proceeds further in a natural way.

Procedure is and conducted especially when a couple has exhausted other treatment options for infertility. Depending on whether we deal with female or male infertility factor that induces the couple’s inability to get pregnant or it is an adverse combination of genes of both partners there are several options for In Vitro Fertilization. It can be carried out with partners’ cells, donor egg, donor sperm or both donor cells, applying to various individual situations.

The greatest advantages of IVF is the opportunity to procreate despite of the medical obstacles. Also In Vitro Fertilization allows to eliminate the danger of some genetic disorders and replace impaired cells with the healthy ones in the process of fertilization. Also the efficacy and safety of the method of in vitro fertilization has been confirmed by many studies. There are a few disadvantages of IVF as well. There is a higher risk of multi-fetal pregnancy and as a result multiple birth. As another main disadvantage of the procedure it is also worth mentioning that the price of the full cycle of In Vitro Fertilization can be a barrier to some couples. In order to reduce the total cost of the treatment it is good to choose the facility with high success rate which causes better cost-effectiveness due to less cycles needed.

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